The pneumococcal bacterium can cause ear infections, sinusitis and pneumonia. The bacterium mainly affects individuals over 65 years or younger children under two years. Severe cases caused by pneumococci are uncommon but may occur, for example, in the form of blood poisoning or meningitis. People who are otherwise healthy do not usually suffer death from pneumococcal infection. Antibiotics can treat the diseases caused by pneumococci with antibiotics.
PRIS: 430 SEK(Pneumovax) / 845 SEK(Prevenar 13)
Duration: 15 min
When is pneumococcal vaccination performed?
The pneumococcal vaccine comes in two forms. The first form is called the conjugate vaccine and occurs in the childhood vaccination program. The vaccine is given in three doses at three months, five months and 12 months. Children between the ages of 1 and 2 receive two doses of the vaccine instead. Those between 2 and 5 years of age are offered vaccination with either one dose of PCV13 or two doses of PCV10. The vaccine can then be supplemented to cover pneumococci until they are six years old. Both children and adults in any risk group are recommended to be vaccinated with a conjugate vaccine. The second form of vaccination is called the polysaccharide vaccine. This is recommended for children and adults at greater risk of developing severe pneumococcal infections. People over the age of 65 are advised to take the vaccine.
Does the pneumococcal vaccine have any side effects?
Pneumococcal infections have become more and more resistant to antibiotics. Therefore, it is essential to get vaccinated to prevent these infections. Side effects that may occur in connection with the vaccine are redness, itching and swelling around the injection site. For infants, the side effects can be irritability and fever. Sometimes some may even experience decreased appetite. Few people may even experience vomiting, diarrhoea or allergic reactions.